Theme II: Meeting the technical challenges of the energy transition

Successful energy transition is reliant on a host of technical innovations to meet the challenge.

Research in Theme II complements the policy design and economic modelling focus in Theme I from a technical and scientific viewpoint. Research enables and supports technological and energy market design innovation in Australia and Germany.

Projects rely on electricity network data, network optimisation models, climate, wind and sunshine data plus geological knowledge on potential energy storage techniques to develop scenarios that dramatically increase the share of renewables in existing energy infrastructure.

A large component of this research contributes to the START Project.

In Australia, some of the focus is on  improving understanding and reducing uncertainty in research findings that relate to the National Electricity Market (NEM). 

In Germany, the REMIND modelling framework — which integrates the economy, the climate system and the energy sector within a global multi-regional model — is being tested on the same configuration as Australian energy models to improve comparability and shared learning.


Projects include:

  • Two projects that focus on development of leading Australian economy-wide or NEM-wide electricity system models: NEMO (National Electricity Market Optimiser) and MUREIL (Melbourne University Renewable Energy Integration Laboratory) respectively.  The first project improves techno-economic optimisation detail in the NEMO model. The second project uses MUREIL to calculate system benefits of demand-side measures.
  • A project that focusses on the system benefits of clean fuel production sources, while generating zero-carbon fuels. The project assesses the technical feasibility of using demand from electricity-to-gas technologies to perform grid balancing services in systems with large solar and wind penetration.
  • A project that investigates the technical and social opportunities and challenges of decentralised control strategies for energy self-sufficient communities.


Existing projects and potential new projects within Theme II rely heavily on involvement and engagement from energy sector stakeholders including industry, government, peak bodies, community groups and research groups. If you are interested in this work and would like to contribute in some way, please contact us.






In Progress

On the path toward a zero-emission economy, public information about emissions from the electricity, transport and other sectors is delayed, often by a year, and in developing countries at times by five years or longer.

This project provides a platform to communicate live trends...

In Progress

This project builds a detailed web-based open source grid integration and optimisation modelling tool for the Australian National Electricity Market (NEM). It is partly funded by ARENA and led by IT Renewables . Other project partners are: United States Strategic Energy Analysis Center of the...


This is a collaborative effort between the University of Technology Sydney, the German Aerospace Center, and the University of Melbourne to develop transition pathways consistent with limiting global warming to 1.5˚C without relying on unproven negative emissions technologies or techniques, such as bio-energy with carbon...

In Progress

Land transportation and gas use for low temperature air and water heating are currently the second and third largest contributors to emissions in the residential and commercial sectors in Australia, after electricity. This project explores the electrification of these sectors, policy changes to accelerate the...


CORE Partners