30 Apr 2020

Potentials and opportunities for low carbon energy transition in Vietnam: A policy analysis

Energy Policy, Volume 134, November 2019, 110818

Vietnam is one of the fastest growing energy economies among (Association of South East Asian Nations) ASEAN. Renewable energy policies are needed to support a pathway towards low carbon development. Fostering private investment or international cooperation is also essential. There is a significant connection between clean energy sector and SDGs achievements.

This paper intends to synthesis the status quo and projected energy situation for Vietnam. It considers the existing policy landscape's ability to foster low carbon development progression as an alternative to the existing fossil fuel driven economy, while also aligning with achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for the nation. Effectiveness of Vietnam's policy portfolio for fostering low carbon development was informed via a systematic literature review and Multi Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA). This was founded upon six developed criteria, informed from the literature review. The results were presented and analyzed via chronological and hierarchical policy taxonomies. Findings indicate that to support a pathway towards low carbon development, policies need to include mechanisms that favor Renewable Energy technology and also foster the mobilization of private investment or international cooperation. The research also indicates a significant connection between clean energy sector progression and achievement of relevant SDGs. Such a correlation should heighten the priority of energy sector actions, such as policy mechanisms and outcomes, not only quantitative targets


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